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Newly inaugurated President of Congo, Felix Tshisekedi with former president Joseph Kabila Newly inaugurated President of Congo, Felix Tshisekedi (r) with former president Joseph Kabila  (AFP or licensors)

Congo's Felix Tshisekedi in first peaceful power transfer

Opposition leader Felix Tshisekedi was sworn in as Congo's president Thursday, marking the country's first peaceful transfer of power since independence from Belgium nearly 60 years ago, and immediately announced plans for the release of all political prisoners.

(AP) - Kinshasa, Congo

The 55-year-old Tshisekedi succeeds Joseph Kabila, who governed the Central African country for 18 years before stepping down under pressure.

An extraordinary scene of peaceful transfer of power

"We are committed to building a modern, peaceful, democratic and caring state for every citizen," the new president said, "a state that will guarantee the happiness of all." He called on the troubled nation to engage in a new battle, one for "the well-being for each citizen of this beautiful country." Outgoing President Kabila watched as the extraordinary scene of an opposition figure becoming president unfolded.

Tshisekedi also called for national reconciliation in the wake of the disputed 30 December election. The election was marked by allegations of fraud and suspicions of a backroom deal by Kabila to install Tshisekedi over the declared runner-up Martin Fayulu. According to leaked electoral data, Fayulu was the real winner. However, many Congolese appeared satisfied just to see Kabila go and relieved to witness a peaceful change of power in a country with a history of violent coups.

New president promises national unity and freedom for political prisoners

The new president declared that Congo would not be a nation of "division, hate or tribalism" and spoke of "fundamental rights." He vowed to take on corruption, asserting that $16 billion to $20 billion is lost each year to graft, and that he would rid the country of its dozens of rebel groups. And he surprised observers by announcing his government will free all political prisoners. It is unclear how many political prisoners are held in Congo. "

The largely untested Tshisekedi has inherited much goodwill from his father, the late opposition icon Etienne Tshisekedi, who pursued the presidency for decades. In his inaugural address, Tshisekedi referred to his father as "president" to wild cheers. Tshisekedi's charismatic father had posed such a challenge to Kabila that after he died in Belgium in 2017, Congo's government did not allow his body to be brought home. His son's spokesman has said that will be corrected soon.

Legislature dominated by Kabila’s party

Many Congolese hope Tshisekedi will bring change after Kabila, who in his final address on Wednesday night urged the country to unite and support the new leader.  Tshisekedi faces the challenge of working with a legislature dominated by members of Kabila's ruling coalition. That could hurt efforts to bring about dramatic reforms in Congo, a mineral-rich country of more than 80 million people.

Few had expected an opposition victory in Congo, where Kabila had hung on for more than two turbulent years of election delays. Declared runner-up Martin Fayulu mounted a court challenge to Tshisekedi's win, alleging widespread rigging and demanding a recount. The Constitutional Court on Sunday rejected it.

New president salutes Fayulu

Outside court, Fayulu accused Kabila of making a deal with Tshisekedi as it became clear the ruling party's candidate did poorly at the polls. Observers have said Fayulu, a businessman outspoken about cleaning up corruption, posed a bigger threat to Kabila and his allies.

The new president saluted Fayulu in his speech as a "veritable soldier of the people." Just one African head of state, Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta, was seen at the inauguration after the African Union and others in the international community expressed reservations about the election. The United States and others have said they will work with the new leader but have not offered congratulations.

Congo gained independence in 1960. Its first leader, Patrice Lumumba, was removed in a military coup and assassinated in 1961. Mobutu Sese Seko ruled for more than three decades before he was overthrown in 1997 by rebel leader Laurent Kabila, who was assassinated in 2001. Kabila's son, Joseph, then took over at age 29.

25 January 2019, 11:50